The Outpost Saloon

A forum for sports, politics, general discussion and a variety of topics.
 
HomeHome  CalendarCalendar  FAQFAQ  RegisterRegister  Log inLog in  

Share | 
 

 Roman consul

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
AuthorMessage
tranthuongbn
Homesteader
Homesteader


Posts : 25
Join date : 2010-12-22

PostSubject: Roman consul   Sat Dec 25, 2010 6:44 am

After the legendary expulsion of the last Etruscan King Lucius Tarquinius Superbus and the end of the Roman Kingdom, most of the powers and authority of the king were ostensibly given to the newly instituted consulship. Originally, consuls were called praetors ("leader"), referring to their duties as the chief military commanders. In 305 BC the name of the office was changed to consul; in Latin, consulere means "to take counsel". The consul was believed by the Romans to date back to the traditional establishment of the Republic in 509 BC but the succession of consuls was not continuous in the 5th century BC. Consuls had extensive capacities in peacetime (administrative, legislative and judicial), and in wartime often held the highest military command. Additional religious duties included certain rights which, as a sign of their formal importance, could only be carried out by the highest state officials. Consuls also read auguries, an essential step before leading armies into the field.
Two consuls were elected each year, serving together, each with veto power over the other's actions, a normal principle for magistracies. It is thought that originally only patricians were eligible for the consulship. Consuls were elected by the Comitia Centuriata, which had an aristocratic bias in its voting structure which only increased over the years from its foundation.[citation needed] However, they formally assumed powers only after the ratification of their election in the older Comitia Curiata, which granted the consuls their imperium by enacting a law, the "lex curiata de imperio".

True Love
tuscany villa rental
Back to top Go down
 
Roman consul
View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» "Belle famille" --A.Dreyfus--Résumé complet en français--interviews-revues de presse
» Occupy London protesters take over office block iin the Barbican
» Roman Polanski's past catches up with him finally...
» [MF] Origami for Interpreters By Roman Diaz

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
The Outpost Saloon :: The Horseshoe Pit :: All Sports-
Jump to: